How to design a logo: The ultimate guide

Estimated reading time 16 minutes

Have you ever seen a big brand without a logo? No? That’s because there aren’t any. A logo has a major impact on how your customers will perceive your brand. So naturally, you want your logo to be outstanding. But how do you get there?

Don’t fret! This handy guide will teach you everything you need to know to design the perfect logo for you and your business. Whether you’re thinking of using a logo maker to get started or you’d like to work directly with a designer to design your logo, this handy guide will teach you everything you need to know to create the perfect logo for your business. From defining your brand’s identity and understanding what makes a great logo, to making the right design choices and navigating the design process, read on to learn how to design a logo.

Here are the most important steps to designing a logo:

  1. Understand why you need a logo
  2. Define your brand identity
  3. Find inspiration for your design
  4. Check out the competition
  5. Choose your design style
  6. Find the right type of logo
  7. Pay attention to colour
  8. Pick the right typography
  9. Communicate with your designer
  10. Evaluate your logo options
  11. Avoid these common mistakes
  12. Integrate your logo design into your brand

1. Understand why you need a logo. And why it needs to be great.

Logo design applied to brand collateral, including a cup, napkins, menu card, business card, paper bag and website

A complete logo and brand identity design for affaire, designed by nnorth via 99designs by Vista.

Your logo is the face of your brand – it shows your identity, hints at your brand’s character and it invites new customers to get to know you. It has a huge impact on the first impression your business makes: It gives your customers information about your brand and lets them know if it’s right for them.

Because your logo is such an essential part of your brand, you want to make sure it’s done well. All your branding materials will have your logo on them. It’ll stare back at your customers from your website, your packaging, and your business cards. Make it count! A great, professional logo design not only has the power to communicate what you stand for – it will also make a good first impression and help you stand out from the competition.

2. Define your brand identity

minimalistic coffee logo with coffee imagery

Logo design for Native specialty coffee by Sava Stoic via 99designs by Vista.

You want your logo to communicate your brand’s personality. And in order to do that, you first need to understand what your brand’s core personality is. Once you have a clear idea of what makes you unique and what your brand is all about, it will be much easier for you to make design choices that complement and complete that picture.

Here are some questions you can ask yourself, to get to the bottom of your brand identity:

  • Why did we start this business?
  • What are the beliefs and values that are important to us as a company?
  • What do we do better than anyone else?
  • What makes us special?
  • If we could describe our brand in three words, what would it be?
  • What are the three words we would want our customers to use to describe us?

3. Find inspiration for your design

The hardest part of the design process can be the search for logo inspiration. Luckily we’ve got some tips for you that will make it really easy.

Start with a brainstorm

Lightbulb logo design for idearoute

Logo design for idearoute by brandsformed® via 99designs by Vista.

Perhaps you are a conceptual person and like to start off by collecting verbal ideas. A proper brainstorming session can be just what you need to pin down the look and feel you’re trying to achieve. Here are three steps that will help you draw out the best creative logo ideas:

1. Follow the rules of the brainstorm: Brainstorming is about getting all ideas out (even the really really bad ones) and writing them down. Even a terrible idea can spark a conversation that leads to a genius solution.

2. Think like your audience: Make a list of words that describe your brand and how you want it to be perceived. Think like a person in your target demographic and always remember what would be important to them.

3. Get everyone involved: A one-person-brainstorm is fine, but only diversity will make the magic happen. Bring in people from every department or even friends and business partners. The more perspectives, the better.

When it comes to brainstorming your logo, don’t be afraid to think outside the box and be a bit different. See how logos like the ones for Crypto Caveman and Sweet Trip cleverly combine ideas that you wouldn’t necessarily associate with each other—like cryptocurrencies and cavemen or a honey bee and a pin on a map? These original logo choices help them express character and stand out from the crowd.

Make a mood board

If you’re a visual person, a mood board may be the perfect tool for you to get inspired. You can create an actual board by cutting out and pinning printed images or make a digital one (Pinterest would be the obvious choice here). Simply collect all the images you feel drawn to—those can be other logos, colour combinations, illustrations or graphics, go wild! You’ll see, your mood board will reflect the style and design features you are gravitating towards in no time. Need a good place to start? We suggest checking out the 99designs logo inspiration gallery.

Think about how your business can be visualised in your logo. Simply Rooted is all about local, down-to-earth food and their vintage logo perfectly reflects that with hand-drawn root vegetables. If you’re striving for a similar aesthetic, your mood board might include images of vintage logos, handmade illustrations and organic shapes and colours. Or take a look at how the Rugged logo visualises its “rugged” brand identity in a bold and rough-looking word mark but still includes a luxurious vibe with a reflective gold effect. Your mood board gives you the opportunity to pull all these elements together.

4. Check out the competition

The best place to steal borrow ideas? Your competition! Check out what’s already out there, what works well with your audience and what you should avoid. While taking a peek at these other businesses, think about what makes them different from you and how you can emphasise these differences in your logo design.

Be sure to clearly set yourself apart from your competition. If all the other businesses in your industry are going monochrome, maybe you should opt for some colour to stand out. If everyone else is traditional, maybe a fun and modern logo will attract attention.

Check out the three accountant logos above and how they communicate their brand personalities. The lion logo for Orthrus Ventures is classic and reliable, while the Tidy Finance logo seems modern and cool. However, if fun and approachable is what you’re going for, let Hot Toast inspire you with its bright colour and whimsical illustration.

5. Choose your design style

Now that you have a clear idea of your brand and are feeling inspired, it’s time to start translating that into the design. There are lots of different elements that come into play here, from colours and shapes to graphics and typography. Isolating each component and what it can do for your logo will help you take things step by step, rather than getting overwhelmed with the whole design all at once.

When thinking about your logo, the first thing you want to do is pick the right design aesthetic for your brand. There is no one style that is right for everyone, only what’s best for your brand.

A classic logo for a photography business

A classic and timeless logo for Wolfcrest designed by eLyateh via 99designs by Vista.

Classic

Trendy logos can be fun and exciting, but they can quickly look outdated. A classic style gives you better staying power and can help you reach a broader audience. This aesthetic keeps it simple and doesn’t venture out into unconventional colour palettes, graphics or fonts. A classic style tells people that you are reliable and down to earth.

Logo with retro vibe

A cool vintage logo for Timber Cafe designed by Sava Stoic via 99designs by Vista.

Retro or vintage

There is a reason why vintage and retro designs have been on trend for quite some time now. They instantly remind you of the past and evoke romantic feelings of nostalgia. A vintage logo tells customers that history is important to you and that whatever you sell is done right. Worn and hand-illustrated logos in brown and beige colour palettes fit this aesthetic beautifully.

Brightly coloured geometric logo

An ultra-modern, simple geometric logo for Ultra, designed by artsigma via 99designs by Vista.

Modern and minimalist

Brands often choose a clean and minimalist style to communicate how fresh and modern they are. This style uses a lot of whitespaces, minimal details and simple lines often resulting in sleek, pared-back logos. A minimalist and modern style shows your customers that your brand is up-to-date, cool and knows what counts.

Fun and quirky hand-drawn logo

A colourful, whimsical logo for The crafting cactus designed by ananana14 via 99designs by Vista.

Fun and quirky

This is a popular choice for brands with a young (or young at heart) target customer. Fun and quirky style tends to be colourful and cute and often uses symbols or illustrations to create a positive and friendly vibe. Go for a whimsical mascot or a sweet illustration to let your brand’s fun character shine through.

Hand-drawn logo with a rustic feel to it

Artfully hand drawn logo for Windhorst designed by bo_rad via 99designs by Vista.

Handmade and handcrafted

Handcrafted style sends a clear message: This brand is individualistic and stands for handmade quality. The style works well in combination with other aesthetics, like vintage, to really drive the message home. But it can be combined with minimal and fun styles as well for a look that’s simple and sophisticated or bright and youthful.

Can’t pick just one?

Of course, these styles aren’t mutually exclusive: You can mix and match them to suit your brand. For instance, your brand can be both handmade and fun at the same time – just take a look at how the quirky, illustrated logo for The Crafting Cactus pulls it off.

6. Find the right type of logo

In addition to the overall style, there are 7 main types of logos you can choose from when you are creating your logo. You can pick the one that suits your company name or overall aesthetic best, or combine them to create something unique.

Lettermarks (or monogram logos)

Lettermark logos can be great to streamline your company logo, especially if your name is very long or hard to remember. Lots of businesses choose to go by their initials, like HP, CNN or H&M. These monograms can be great for minimalist logos, but remember that they are not very good at expressing what your business is about.

Wordmarks (or logotypes)

Wordmarks use your company name as a logo by giving it a unique typographic treatment. If you’ve got a great name for your brand, this could be the perfect way to put it in the spotlight.

Pictorial marks (or logo symbols)

Pictorial marks or logo symbols are what we think of when we hear the word “logo”. They are iconographic images that are easily recognisable and represent your brand with an image. They can be as simple or as complex as you like, but make sure to pick a symbol that creates a unique connection to your brand. Pictorial marks are often paired with a wordmark so that customers can get to know your name before you reach full brand recongnition through the symbol alone (think Apple or Nike).

Abstract logo marks

Instead of a recognisable symbol, abstract logo marks are geometric forms that don’t establish an immediate connection to an existing image but create something entirely new for your brand. An abstract logo mark will condense your business into a symbol that is truly unique to you. The logo for Printy shows how modern an abstract symbol can look while having lots of personality at the same time. If you want your abstract logo to create a certain mood or feeling, learn the meanings of different geometric logo shapes.

Mascots

Mascot logos are a fun way of giving your brand a personality. They are often colourful, cartoonish characters that represent your business in a family-friendly and approachable way. To learn more about the ins and outs of mascot logos, take a look at the video below.

Combination mark

A combination mark does exactly what it says on the tin: It combines a symbol with a word mark to create an easily recognisable logo. The brand name is either placed next to the symbol or is integrated into the graphic element. People will associate both elements with your brand, which allows you to use them both alone or together.

Emblem

Similar to combination marks, emblem logos are also often a combination of word and pictorial elements. They usually consist of text integrated with a symbol or icon, such as badges, seals or crests. The Rockwell Lighthouse emblem shows how these traditional shapes can give you a very old-school and classic appearance.

7. Pay attention to colour

Colours can have many different meanings. The psychology behind colour is complex, but to keep it short, colours have certain emotions and ideas attached to them. To learn more about colour theory, check out this in-depth guide on logo colours and their meanings.

  • Red: Red stands for excitement, passion and anger. It’s a great choice if your brand is loud, youthful and wants to stand out.
  • Orange: Orange is much less used than red but it’s just as energetic. This is a vibrant, invigorating and playful colour.
  • Yellow: If you want to look accessible and friendly, yellow is the right choice. It gives off a cheerful, affordable and youthful energy.
  • Green: Green is extremely versatile and can work for any brand, really. It’s perfect for anyone who wants to establish a connection to nature.
  • Blue: Blue is a classic and common choice. It is calming and cool and it symbolises trustworthiness and maturity.
  • Purple: Purple can be your ticket to looking luxurious. Depending on the shade, purple can be mysterious, eclectic or feminine.
  • Pink: If you’re going for girly, nothing works better than pink. But that’s not all! With shades like pastel rose, millennial pink or neon magenta, pink can make your logo look grown-up and cool, but still youthful and feminine.
  • Brown: Brown may sound like a strange colour choice at first, but it works perfectly for rugged and masculine vintage logos. It can give your brand a handmade and aged look.
  • Black: If you are looking for a sleek, modern and luxurious look, black will be a great choice. A minimalist black and white logo is the way to go if you want to keep it simple.
  • White: You want your logo to look clean, modern and minimalistic? Use lots of white in your logo. As a neutral colour it works in combination with all other colours, but adds a clean, youthful and economical touch.
  • Grey: Grey is the ultimate colour if you want to achieve a mature, classic and serious look. Darker shades look more mysterious, while lighter shades are more accessible.

Combining colours

Of course, you don’t need to stick with a monochrome logo using just one colour; you can combine several logo colours to tell a complete brand colour story. To choose colours that work well together, take a look at the colour wheel.

  • Complementary colours lie directly across from each other on the colour wheel. They bring out the best in both colours and create a very dynamic look.
  • Analogous colours fall close to each other on the wheel. If you want your logo colours to be harmonious, these will work well together.
  • Triadic colours draw from three equal sections on the colour wheel. Pick these for a stimulating and bold effect.

8. Pick the right typography

You want to pick a font that complements and completes your logo. There are 4 basic types of fonts you can work with to give your logo a unique look:

Serif fonts

See how the font gives the Avalon logo a chic and timeless look? Serif fonts can make your logo look classic and high-end. Serifs are the little “feet” at the end of the letter, which makes them look a little more old-fashioned. They are very versatile and look great with any kind of design, but work especially well with vintage, elegant or classic designs.

Sans serif fonts

Sans-serif fonts are perfect for a modern and clean look. They don’t have the little feet that serif fonts have, which makes them look very sleek and simple. This works great for modern brands, like the minimal and cool Delta Salt logo above.

Script fonts

Script fonts are reminiscent of handwriting. From elegant calligraphic fonts to relaxed and down-to-earth scripts, there is a wide variety out there. Use them to make your logo look more individualistic, like the Moon Rabbit logo above.

Display fonts

Display fonts are decorative fonts that are highly stylised and really catch the eye. Take a look at the Perfect You logo above that uses a display font to give the design a fun 70s flair.

Your typography can become really powerful when you combine different logo fonts with each other – find out how in this guide to selecting fonts for your brand.

Bring your design elements together

Now that you have an idea of all the different elements your logo consists of, you need to make sure that they work together. You want to pair them in a way that is harmonious to create the vibe you are looking for.

The logo for skincare brand Voany leaves no doubt that it is an elegant, natural high-end brand, using a combination mark in an organic shape, a classic serif font and a natural brown and beige colour palette. Reflect Academy, on the other hand, looks disruptive and eye-catching by combining a modern font with colourful and abstract shapes for a fresh and unique look.

9. Communicate with your designer

Unique logo design with a fox illustration, made for Lone Oak Studios

A unique and memorable logo for Lone Oak Studios by Mad pepper via 99designs by Vista.

Now that you have considered all of the necessary style points, you’re ready to start designing! There are many ways to get a logo, so you should consider which one suits you best. Agency, logo contest, 1-to-1 project or logo maker? Different prices come with different qualities and all options have their pros and cons. To get a good overview of your options for getting a logo, check out this comparison of the best ways to get a logo designed. Read more about how much your logo design should cost.

A logo design contest is one of the simplest ways to get a logo. To make sure your design comes out perfectly, the first rule of working with your designer is to communicate clearly. Writing a clear creative brief will help your designer understand who you are and what you need. Make sure to give them as much information about your company and style as you can, so they can create something really unique for you.

Sometimes it may take a little bit of trust in your designer, but try to stay open to suggestions. Remember, your designer is an expert and has a great feel for what makes a good logo. Giving lots of detailed and clear feedback is what gives designers an understanding of what you like. It may sound clichéd but it’s true: the best design happens when you and your designer work together.

10. Evaluate your options

Logo design applied to brand collateral, including a paper bag, business cards and product packaging

This logo by Martis Lupus is just one of the options Joyce Foods had to choose between in their logo design contest via 99designs by Vista.

Evaluating your logo options can be hard, so get some feedback from friends, potential customers and colleagues to help you make a decision.

What makes a good logo?

A good logo is immediately recognisable, it reflects your brand’s message and makes you stand out. An effective logo looks professional and seamlessly fits in with a brand’s identity. A great logo also needs to work at any size and anywhere you want to use it.

A good logo:

  • is unique and distinctive
  • is memorable
  • works at any size and anywhere
  • reflects your brand identity
  • is timeless

But how to make a good logo? Here are some general questions to ask yourself when evaluating your logo options:

  • Can you tell what it is in 2 seconds? Will people immediately know what your business does?
  • Is it simple and memorable? Will your customers be able to remember it?
  • Is it versatile? Can it be applied to all your brand’s needs?
  • Is it timeless, or would you have to do a redesign in a couple of years?
  • Is it unique? Does it set you apart from your competitors?
  • Does it appeal to your target audience?

Obviously, your brand’s needs and expectations for a logo will be much different if you sell children’s clothing and need a simple logo that can be stitched onto fabric, than if you make sophisticated high-end wine with an intricate label or a high-tech app that lives on peoples’ phones. So don’t forget to take a step back and consider the bigger picture while you’re designing your logo. This is not about personal taste, it’s about what works best for your brand.

11. Avoid these common mistakes when designing a logo

There are some common pitfalls that await you when you’re designing your logo. Here are some tips on what not to do:

  • Don’t give in to the clichés of your industry. You’re a dentist so your logo needs to have a tooth in it? Definitely not. Here’s how to avoid generic logos.
  • Don’t make it too complicated. Simplicity is key for a memorable (and printable) logo.
  • Don’t try to be too trendy. Trends are fantastic, but make sure your logo won’t look dated in three years.
  • Don’t settle for a low quality logo just to save a little money. Your logo isn’t the place to skimp and often you get what you pay for.

12. Integrate your logo design into your brand

Now that you know how to design a logo, what’s next?

As the starting point of your brand collateral, your logo sets the tone for your style, colour palette, font and the overall look and feel. Once you have your logo, you’ve created the ideal basis for all the branding material your business needs—whether it’s business cards, packaging design or web design. And just like that, your business is ready to show the world its brand new face!

Author: Antonia Gesch